Here are key terms and tidbits of information helpful in discussing the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
Israel: On May 14, 1948, David Ben-Gurion, the head of the Jewish Agency, proclaimed the establishment of the State of Israel. U.S. President Harry S. Truman recognized the new nation on the same day.
Two-state solution: The idea that Israelis and Palestinians must work through direct negotiations to establish two states living side by side, with Palestinians to ultimately create their own independent state and the Israelis would keep Israel as a Jewish state.
One-state solution: The idea that Israel and the Palestinian territories would become a single, “binational” state that would include both Israeli and Palestinian populations. Opponents say such an arrangement would eventually force Israel either to lose its Jewish majority or rule over millions of disenfranchised Palestinians lacking full rights, a scenario the Palestinians wouldn’t willingly accept.
Oslo Accords: Agreements between the Palestine Liberation Organization and the government of Israel signed in 1993 which were aimed at establishing peace in Israel and Palestinian territories.
Palestinian Authority: The governing body of the Palestinian autonomous regions of the West Bank and Gaza Strip established in 1994 as part of the Oslo Accords negotiated between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).
SOURCE: Associated Press; U.S. Department of StateRead more