Israeli-Palestinian Conflict New Hopes for Peace

Here are key terms and tidbits of information helpful in discussing the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

Israel: On May 14, 1948, David Ben-Gurion, the head of the Jewish Agency, proclaimed the establishment of the State of Israel. U.S. President Harry S. Truman recognized the new nation on the same day.

Palestinian territories: The West Bank (including East Jerusalem) and the Gaza Strip.

Two-state solution: The idea that Israelis and Palestinians must work through direct negotiations to establish two states living side by side, with Palestinians to ultimately create their own independent state and the Israelis would keep Israel as a Jewish state.

One-state solution: The idea that Israel and the Palestinian territories would become a single, “binational” state that would include both Israeli and Palestinian populations. Opponents say such an arrangement would eventually force Israel either to lose its Jewish majority or rule over millions of disenfranchised Palestinians lacking full rights, a scenario the Palestinians wouldn’t willingly accept.

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